Factors for Birth Injuries in Children

birthPhoto by Omar Lopez on Unsplash

No happily expecting mother wants her pregnancy to result in trauma, but childbirth complications are far too common on a global scale. But while many people confuse or combine birth injuries with birth defects, they differ on one major point: birth defects usually occur during gestation while birth injuries are just that… injuries or accidents that occur during or right after delivery. Almost 4 million babies are born in the U.S. every year, and approximately 7 out of 1000 are born with birth injuries. Most of those are completely avoidable with a little extra forethought and planning. But you first need to know the specific factors and causes that lead to these issues.

Infant and Mother Sizes Matter

A mother’s size goes a long way to determining the health and size of her fetus. Premature deliveries can lead to potentially serious injuries such as caput succedaneum where there’s swelling of the head, cuts and fractures on or of the limbs, and oxygen deprivation. However, post-term deliveries can also be high at risk for injuries. Fetal macrosomia is a term used to describe infants weighing over 8 lbs, 13 oz. Complications intensify when the fetus is closer to 10 lbs at birth. A baby of this large size can seriously complicate vaginal birth and lead to birth injuries, require a Caesarean section, or even lead to potentially serious health issues after birth.

Low Oxygen or Oxygen Deprivation

The mother and fetus require proper and continued amounts of oxygen to ensure a safe and successful delivery. Unfortunately, oxygen deprivation is far too common. This can occur for a number of reasons, including trauma in the womb, placenta issues, a prolapsed umbilical cord, preeclampsia, and excessive medication given to the mother. However, Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the most common types of brain damage that occurs during birth when oxygen deprivation is an issue. Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy occurs in approximately 20 of every 1000 full-term live births and in 60% of premature babies. HIE is also a major cause of cerebral palsy and other irreversible life disabilities.

Delayed or Extended Birth Complications

Labors lasting over 18 hours can be incredibly risky for the infant. The human brain is able to withstand a certain amount of pressure, but 18-hour deliveries are classified as traumatic even if no other issues have arisen. At this point, the infant’s brain can compress making delivery especially difficult. Fetal distress often occurs and the baby’s blood pressure elevates in response. Any number of neurological conditions may result from the trauma, including ADHD, Autism, brain injury, hematoma, or even spina bifida if the baby’s spinal cord is blocked or pinched during delivery. A competent birth injury may need to be contacted at this point.

Medical Malpractice

Not all birth injuries are caused by a traumatic delivery or medical malpractice, but the majority of the obvious ones are. Lacerations, broken bones, bruises, and other actual injuries are quickly noticed and discovered by parents and doctors alike. They also tend to heal quickly. However, some issues may require extended or ongoing treatment while others may show up later and lead to lifelong challenges. Regardless, childbirth complications can extend treatment times and expenses for years to come. If you’re faced with those challenges, contact a birth injury attorney. We can help so you don’t have to face them alone.

Signs Your Kids Are Developing Bad Dental Habits

Most parents don’t worry too much about their kids’ teeth, especially below the age of six. It’s easy to take their dental teeth for granted. After all, your little ones are afraid of dentists, and chances are that you – as a parent – are equally wary. First off, you’re probably afraid because you’re seeing the wrong dentist, or because of bad memories in oral hygiene.

dental habits
Fortunately, modern dentistry is nothing like the horror stories you heard or experienced in your childhood. With improved technology and dental practices, many treatments are quick and painless. Think about it. Braces can now be invisible, and there are advancements like sleep dentistry and laser dentistry that lower discomfort levels to nearly zero.

Another reason you might neglect the dental health of your children is that you assume milk teeth aren’t that important. You figure they’ll all fall out, so they don’t need much care. It doesn’t seem worth the effort of wrangling your kids into avoiding sweets or regularly brushing and flossing. It feels like a lot of unnecessary work.

While it’s true that baby teeth are temporary, they do affect your child’s permanent ones. If the baby teeth rot prematurely, they can affect the foundation and position of their adult dental formula, and that kind of deep-rooted damage is harder to correct.

Many good habits are developed in childhood, and good oral hygiene is no different. In the same way, bad dental habits acquired as a kid are likely to stay with your little ones for life. This becomes a deeper problem once you realise that a lot of these oral and dental patterns seem benign, so you probably haven’t done anything to stop them.

A lot of parents soothe their babies and toddlers to sleep using bottle or breastfeeding. While this is fun for the baby, it can harm their teeth. How? Well, if a baby falls asleep at the breast, there’s a big chance they still have milk in their mouth. While the baby’s swallow reflex ensures this isn’t a choking hazard, it might still affect their gums and un-erupted teeth.

The same challenge faces babies who constantly have their bottles or pacifiers in their mouths. The problem is compounded when parents douse the pacifiers or fill the bottles with juice, sugary drinks, or sweetened substances. Some parents add a little cereal to the bottles to get the baby fuller and help them sleep through the night.

The danger in these tactics is that the babies’ teeth and gums are consistently bathed in sugar, which can lead to tooth decay. Even a little sugar can cause progressive damage, which is why the natural sugar in breast milk can be a problem as well. And some children continue to breastfeed all the way to their fifth or sixth birthdays.

For breastfed babies, you don’t have to deprive your child of your most intrinsic form of comfort. It’s good for their health, and bonds you to each other. But while there is some validated bliss in having your child fall asleep at your breast, keep an eye on them.

Once you’re sure they’re asleep, take your breast out of their mouth. Use the right unlatching technique, to avoid hurting your nipples and causing yourself unnecessary pain and cracking.

If you have a hectic day, it’s tempting to give your child a bottle to calm them as you cook, do housework, or run errands. Try other soothing methods instead, like a pacifier. Make sure the pacifier is clean, and don’t dip it in juice or honey.

You can also soothe your baby using a bottle filled with plain water instead of sweetened drinks and milk. Sometimes the sucking action calms the baby just as effectively as the choice of fluid, so unless the baby is hungry, water is a better choice. At bed time, a pacifier or a bottle with just a little water is healthier than cereal, juice, or milk.

If your baby is too little for a toothbrush, wipe their gums with a clean, damp cloth. Start this as early as possible, even from day one. It develops good oral hygiene habits. As your baby gets older, switch the bottle for a sippy cup, since it slips over the teeth and reduces the teeth’s exposure to sugar-based bacteria. The cup should hold water more often than juice.

Another matter you may not have considered is sucking their thumbs, tongues, or lips. This can cause overbite and possible lisping. This is fine for smaller kids but can affect their teeth if they haven’t stopped by age five or six. It can also get them bullied or teased, which has deep social and psychological effects that can last a long time.

Many parents confront the habit by scolding, teasing, or peppering the child’s thumb. These methods can be counterproductive because sucking is a soothing mechanism. It gives the child comfort, so stressing the child out might just make them seek more comfort. It can add shame and anxiety to their relief, which only reinforces the habit as they try to hide it.

Instead of punishing the child, use positive reinforcement to make the child want to stop on their own. Discover the triggers for sucking and find other ways of soothing your child’s unease. Once the child has agreed that they no longer want to suck, you can use a band aid or dental appliance to make the actually sucking less pleasant and therefore less appealing.

Source of information: http://bit.ly/2wCrlMQ
Image Source: Pixabay

Health 101: Tips And Techniques To Keep You Feeling Great!

If you feel lackluster and know that your health could be better, now is the time to turn your life around. By implementing health strategies right now, you can make 2016 the year you took your level of wellness to an all-time high. Below you will find several simple wellness techniques that will help you make it happen:

health 101

1. Address Any And Every Health Issue.

One great way to optimize your level of wellness is by addressing any and every health issue that you’re currently dealing with. In many cases, people ignore aches and pains that indicate the presence of a life-endangering disease because they’re scared of what their diagnosis might be. Yet you need to attain a diagnosis in order to access the treatment and products that will restore your health. In the event that you’re looking for urologists in Houston, the professionals of Spring Medical Associates can assist you.

2. Make Healthy Eating A Must.

Unfortunately, the majority of Americans do not consume a healthy diet. Rather, they consume a Standard American Diet (SAD) which is high in sodium, fat, and processed food items. Additionally, this diet lacks fiber and does not meet the daily requirements for fruit and vegetable consumption. This diet is a recipe for disaster, including diseases like diabetes and depression. If you’re on the SAD diet, get off it immediately and start eating in a healthy manner. To obtain more fruits and vegetables in your diet, start making delicious, nutritious smoothies filled with healthy treats like bananas, strawberries, and cherries. You can add in some dark green leafy vegetables like spinach to get the extra nutrients without altering the sweet taste of the smoothie.

3. Get Off The Couch!

Roughly half of Americans lead sedentary lifestyles. Unfortunately, sedentary living makes you more susceptible to weight gain and several unwanted diseases. Luckily, getting into the habit of moving your body daily can help you start reaping some of the awesome benefits that result from exercise. Some of those benefits include an enhanced metabolism, greater self-confidence, better digestion, and faster cellular renewal. Some of the physical activities you may want to engage in include:

• salsa dancing
• step aerobics
• jumping rope
• swimming
• weight-lifting

Don’t Delay: Start Getting Healthy Today!

If you’re serious about getting healthy, today is the day to begin. Start using the wellness tips listed above to make wellness an integral part of your daily life!

Image credits: Pixabay

Cinematherapy and Storytelling as a Means to Navigating Life’s Struggles

Everyone has a story to tell on the way to handling their emotional struggles and setbacks. Sometimes unconventional approaches to mental health and wellness can be quite effective at managing the way we view and deal with the stories of our lives. For those that are willing to look at more engaging and entertaining ways of navigating life’s difficulties, storytelling and cinema may be an answer.
storytelling

What Usually Happens…

Conventionally speaking, mental health has generally been handled in a fairly serious and sterile manner, devoid of entertaining stories or movies as helpmates to soothe human struggle. Often, those seeking therapy or counseling are faced with having to look at their lives through fairly harsh glasses. There is no cushion, or sidebar of opportunity to take a look at our problems more indirectly, like storytelling and “cinematherapy” seem to offer. Instead, the unwavering camera stays forever on the individual seeking therapy and their problems.

What Can Happen…Maybe…

However, just maybe, there is something to be said about tackling the awesome task of dealing with our personal problems through listening to the stories of others can be extremely therapeutic and helpful, offering a different view of our problems and perhaps, different ways of handling them. Perhaps, we can find an emotional guidance system by listening to other people tell the story of what they did when faced with similar problems. One thing for sure is that the opportunity is worth exploring. The art of storytelling is one that has been with us for many years. Hollywood has capitalized off of this ancient art, just as history has. Somehow, knowing what happened to other people, in other places, at different times, both past and present, can act as a roadmap: and what is a road map? A roadmap is a guide, a way of navigating roads that may be a little or a lot unfamiliar to us, and we all know that road maps are immensely helpful. Without them we would be lost, right?

Sometimes the answers to our problems don’t require x-ray vision or an approach that eliminates other life stories and approaches. Often, a well-positioned story or movie is often the salve needed to help in the human struggles.

Why might your tap water look dirty?

We all know that it’s vital you drink enough water in order to remain hydrated and healthy. But what if your tap water looks dirty and unappealing; you are probably not going to want to drink it. You want to have access to clean and fresh water that actually looks like something you would want to drink.

Of course, if you have a water filtration system in operation in your home you are able to filter your tap water if there appears to be a problem with it, to make it safe to drink. In fact, water filtration is useful at any time, to help removal additives and chemicals that can be found in some tap water. You may be thinking that you drink bottled water so why should you be concerned about the colour of your tap water.

tap water

The truth about bottled water

The truth is that it’s really not a good idea to buy and drink bottled water. It is no safer to drink than ordinary tap water and the plastic bottles end up in landfill or in the oceans. This means that bottled water is not especially healthy to drink and it is very bad for the environment. You need to concentrate on making sure your tap water is safe to drink.

What can make tap water change colour?

If your tap water is usually clear and all of a sudden it turns cloudy and dirty looking this usually means that there has been some sort of disturbance in the water system. The type of disturbance that could be to blame includes the re-laying of water pipes. It’s also possible that dirty drinking water can be caused by breaks or cracks in the pipes supplying the water. It’s important to remember that these pipes run in the ground and come into contact with a variety of different potential contaminants.

You need to make sure that you filter your tap water before you drink it. You also need to make sure that you call professionals such as plumbingdetectives.com.au if the problem with your drinking water continues. The replacement of water pipes should only ever be a temporary issue, so if the discolouration continues you need to have the situation investigated.

We all need water in order to survive; it’s a basic necessity of life. An average adult should be drinking around 8 average glasses of water each day. That is around two litres. If your drinking water does not look good then you are not going to want to drink this amount of water. You should not be tempted to resort to bottled water. You should make sure you have a water filtration system in place and you should get to the bottom of the cause of the discolouration of your drinking water. If the situation does not quickly resolve itself you should make sure you call a professional plumber and enlist their help.

Image source: Pixabay